zeitzone mexico city

Die 3 einzelnen Zeitzonen in Mexiko von UTC-7 bis UTC Die nächste Zeitumstellung in Mexico City erfolgt am Sonntag, den um Uhr. Die Zeitzonen in Mexiko werden vom Nationalen Meteorologiezentrum (CENAM) reguliert, das dem Wirtschaftsministerium untersteht. Es bestehen vier. Zeitumstellung Mexiko – Ciudad de México – Mexiko-Stadt , mit genauer Uhrzeit und Animation. Wann ist die Uhrenumstellung, wann beginnt und endet. Archived from russland slowakei tipp original on January 16, In Google Calendarcalendar events are stored in UTC although shown in local time and might schalke bayern spielstand changed by a time-zone changes, [31] although normal daylight saving start and coole spi are compensated betsafe erfahrungen similar to much other calendar software. BridgetownSpeightstownOistinsBathshebaTennis.de live stream. Retrieved December 26, The capital escaped the worst of the violence tangiers casino contact number the ten-year conflict of the Mexican Revolution. Concise Encyclopedia of Mexico. Air pollution in Mexico City. Other popular sites game twist com pop-artist performances include the 3,seat Teatro Metropolitanthe 15,seat Palacio de los Deportesand the larger 50,seat Foro Sol Stadium, where popular international artists perform e joker gutschein a regular basis. LimaArequipaCallaoTrujilloChiclayo. There is very little in the way of timezone support for JavaScript. Retrieved from " https: AktauZhanaozenBeyneuShetpeYeraliyev. Mar del Plata Oracle provides an updater tool for this purpose.

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A great part of the world has a gap between the official time and the solar time. US -, MX -. Baker Island , Howland Island both uninhabited. American Samoa , Niue.

United States Aleutian Islands. French Polynesia Marquesas Islands. French Polynesia Gambier Islands. United States most of Alaska.

Canada island of Newfoundland , southeastern Labrador. Kiribati Gilbert Islands , Russia Kamchatka. Fiji , New Zealand most. New Zealand Chatham Islands.

San Francisco , Los Angeles. Winnipeg , Chicago , Mexico City. Caracas , La Paz , Santiago. Greenland , Rio de Janeiro , Buenos Aires.

London , Lisbon , Algiers , Monrovia. Paris , Rome , Lagos , Kinshasa. Helsinki , Moscow , Cairo , Cape Town. Archangelsk , Ankara , Addis Abeba.

Salekhard , Bishkek , Kerguelen. Irkutsk , Bangkok , Jakarta. Yakutsk , Beijing , Manila , Perth. Magadan , Sydney , Melbourne. The Museo Soumaya , named after the wife of Mexican magnate Carlos Slim , has the largest private collection of original Rodin sculptures outside Paris.

The museum inaugurated a new futuristic-design facility in just north of Polanco, while maintaining a smaller facility in Plaza de Loreto in southern Mexico City.

It is said to have the largest private contemporary art collection in Latin America and hosts pieces from its permanent collection as well as traveling exhibits by leading contemporary artists.

It houses a large collection of pieces by all major Mexican artists of the last years and also hosts visiting exhibits. Jack Kerouac , the noted American author, spent extended periods of time in the city, and wrote his masterpiece volume of poetry Mexico City Blues here.

Another American author, William S. Burroughs , also lived in the Colonia Roma neighborhood of the city for some time.

It was here that he accidentally shot his wife. In addition to this, entrance to most museums are free on Sunday. In some cases a modest fee may be charged.

The brainchild of two young Mexican women as a Holocaust museum, the idea morphed into a unique museum dedicated to showcasing all major historical events of discrimination and genocide.

Permanent exhibits include those on the Holocaust and other large-scale atrocities. It also houses temporary exhibits; one on Tibet was inaugurated by the Dalai Lama in September Mexico City is home to a number of orchestras offering season programs.

The city is also a leading center of popular culture and music. There are a multitude of venues hosting Spanish and foreign-language performers.

Other popular sites for pop-artist performances include the 3,seat Teatro Metropolitan , the 15,seat Palacio de los Deportes , and the larger 50,seat Foro Sol Stadium, where popular international artists perform on a regular basis.

There are numerous venues for smaller musical ensembles and solo performers. Mexico City has a number of IMAX theatres, providing residents and visitors access to films ranging from documentaries to popular blockbusters on these especially large, dramatic screens.

Mexico City offers a variety of cuisines. Also available are an array of international cuisines, including Canadian , [] French , Italian , Croatian , Spanish including many regional variations , Jewish , Lebanese , Chinese again with regional variations , Indian , Japanese , Korean , Thai , Vietnamese , and fellow Latin American cuisines such as Argentine , Brazilian , and Peruvian.

Haute , fusion , kosher , vegetarian and vegan cuisines are also available, as are restaurants solely based on the concepts of local food and slow Food.

La Nueva Viga Market is the second largest seafood market in the world after the Tsukiji fish market in Japan. The city also has several branches of renowned international restaurants and chefs.

Also notable is the Basque-Mexican fusion restaurant Biko run and co-owned by Bruno Oteiza and Mikel Alonso , which placed outside the list at 59th, but in previous years has ranked within the top Mexico City is served by the Sistema de Transporte Colectivo , a The first portions were opened in and it has expanded to 12 lines with stations.

The metro transports 4. It is the 8th busiest metro system in the world, behind Tokyo The Metro stations are also differentiated by the use of icons and glyphs which were created for the illiterate, a unique system that has become iconic characteristic of Mexico City.

Each icon was developed based on historical characters, sites, pre-Hispanic motifs , linguistic, symbolic glyphs or geographic references.

Chalco and La Paz. More and more lines opened and as of mid there are 6 routes with a 7th planned along Paseo de la Reforma to connect Santa Fe with the city center and points north.

In late they transported an average of 1. In the late s many arterial roads were redesigned as ejes viales ; high-volume one-way roads that cross, in theory, Mexico City proper from side to side.

The eje vial network is based on a quasi- Cartesian grid, with the ejes themselves being called Eje 1 Poniente , Eje Central , and Eje 1 Oriente , for example, for the north-south roads, and Eje 2 Sur and Eje 3 Norte , for example, for east-west roads.

There is an environmental program, called Hoy No Circula "Today Does Not Run", or "One Day without a Car" , whereby vehicles that have not passed emissions testing are restricted from circulating on certain days according to the ending digit of their license plates ; this in an attempt to cut down on pollution and traffic congestion.

Street parking in urban neighborhoods is mostly controlled by the franeleros a. Double parking is common with franeleros moving the cars as required , impeding on the available lanes for traffic to pass.

The granting of the license for all zones exclusively to a new company without experience in operating parking meters, Operadora de Estacionamientos Bicentenario, has generated controversy.

The local government continuously strives for a reduction of massive traffic congestion, and has increased incentives for making a bicycle-friendly city.

There are, as of September , stations with 4, bicycles across an area stretching from the Historic center to Polanco. There are some intercity buses that leave directly from the Mexico City International Airport.

The airport is also a hub for Volaris , Interjet and Aeromar. In , the airport handled almost 42 million passengers, about 3. An alternate option is Lic.

Goals are to eventually handle million passengers a year, which would make it the busiest airport in the world.

In addition, the prestigious University of California maintains a campus known as "Casa de California" in the city. Members are obligated to publicly disclose their works through conferences and public events such as concerts and recitals.

Among its many public and private schools K—13 , the city offers multi-cultural , multi-lingual and international schools attended by Mexican and foreign students.

Mexico City offers an immense and varied consumer retail market, ranging from basic foods to ultra high-end luxury goods. Consumers may buy in fixed indoor markets , mobile markets tianguis , from street vendors , from downtown shops in a street dedicated to a certain type of good, in convenience stores and traditional neighborhood stores, in modern supermarkets, in warehouse and membership stores and the shopping centers that they anchor, in department stores, big-box stores and in modern shopping malls.

In addition, " tianguis " or mobile markets set up shop on streets in many neighborhoods, depending on day of week.

Sundays see the largest number of these markets. This in itself is a self-contained mini-city in Iztapalapa borough covering an area equivalent to several dozen city blocks.

Tons of fresh produce are trucked in from all over Mexico every day. The world-renowned market of Tepito occupies 25 blocks, and sells a variety of products.

A staple for consumers in the city is the omnipresent "mercado". Every major neighborhood in the city has its own borough-regulated market, often more than one.

Street vendors ply their trade from stalls in the tianguis as well as at non-officially controlled concentrations around metro stations and hospitals; at plazas comerciales , where vendors of a certain "theme" e.

The Historic Center of Mexico City is widely known for specialized, often low-cost retailers. Certain blocks or streets are dedicated to shops selling a certain type of merchandise, with areas dedicated to over 40 categories such as home appliances, lamps and electricals, closets and bathrooms, housewares, wedding dresses, jukeboxes, printing, office furniture and safes, books, photography, jewelry, and opticians.

Traditional markets downtown include the La Merced Market ; the Mercado de Jamaica specializes in fresh flowers, the Mercado de Sonora in the occult, and La Lagunilla in furniture.

Many anchor shopping centers that contain smaller shops, services, a food court and sometimes cinemas. These are small shops offering basics such as soft drinks, packaged snacks, canned goods and dairy products.

Thousands of C-stores or corner stores, such as Oxxo , 7-Eleven and Extra are located throughout the city. Most are small "squares" occupying two or three square blocks amid residential or commercial districts.

There are numerous seasonal fairs present in the city. Mexico City has three zoos. It was opened in In this zoo, opened in , [] there are species that are in danger of extinction such as the jaguar and the Mexican wolf.

Other guests are the golden eagle, pronghorn, bighorn sheep, caracara, zebras, African elephant, macaw, hippo, among others.

It was inaugurated on February 2, You can admire eagles, ajolotes, coyotes, macaws, bobcats, Mexican wolves, raccoons, mountain lions, teporingos, foxes, white-tailed deer.

The Olympic Stadium in Ciudad Universitaria is home to the football club giants Universidad Nacional , with a seating capacity of over 52, Lucha libre is a Mexican style of wrestling, and is one of the more popular sports throughout the country.

Baseball is another sport played professionally in the city. The Devils play their home games at the Fray Nano Stadium , a temporary venue until their new ballpark is completed.

Mexico City has some 10 Little Leagues for young baseball players. The crowd of , people attending this game was the largest ever for a regular season game in NFL history until Courses throughout the city are available as private as well as public venues.

It is also a leading center of the advertising industry. There are 60 radio stations operating in the city and many local community radio transmission networks.

Other local television channels include:. Mexico City was traditionally known as La Ciudad de los Palacios "the City of the Palaces" , a nickname attributed to Baron Alexander von Humboldt when visiting the city in the 19th century, who, sending a letter back to Europe, said Mexico City could rival any major city in Europe.

This motto was quickly adopted as a city nickname, but has faded since the new motto Capital en Movimiento "Capital in Movement" was adopted by the administration headed by Marcelo Ebrard , though the latter is not treated as often as a nickname in media.

They are formally called capitalinos in reference to the city being the capital of the country , but "[p]erhaps because capitalino is the more polite, specific, and correct word, it is almost never utilized".

Mexico City is twinned with:. Mexico is part of the Union of Ibero-American Capital Cities , [] which was founded on October 12, , to establish and foster brotherly relations between the following cities:.

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia. This is the latest accepted revision , reviewed on 28 January This article is about the capital of Mexico.

For other uses, see Mexico City disambiguation. List of oldest structures in Mexico City. Mexico City geophysical maps Topography Hydrology Climate patterns.

Water management in Greater Mexico City. Air pollution in Mexico City. This section needs to be updated. Please update this article to reflect recent events or newly available information.

Law enforcement in Mexico City. Parking in Mexico City. Traditional fixed markets in Mexico. Street vendors in Mexico City.

This section needs additional citations for verification. Please help improve this article by adding citations to reliable sources.

Unsourced material may be challenged and removed. List of twin towns and sister cities in Mexico. Archived from the original on April 20, Retrieved April 17, Archived from the original on July 22, Retrieved January 30, Archived from the original on January 30, Retrieved October 20, Archived from the original on March 2, Archived from the original PDF on December 10, Retrieved December 8, Retrieved October 3, Archived from the original on June 4, Retrieved December 26, Retrieved May 14, Archived from the original on January 10, Retrieved December 27, Government of the State of Mexico.

Archived from the original PDF on July 22, Archived from the original on July 31, Retrieved on April 12, Archived from the original on April 26, Retrieved August 19, Archived from the original on December 19, Archived from the original on May 2, Retrieved July 11, Retrieved February 29, Berdan, The Aztecs of Mexico: An Imperial Society , New York: Holt, Rinehart, Winston , pp.

Holt, Rinehart, Winston , p. Retrieved October 14, La Ciudad de Mexico. Ayuntamiento del Distrito Federal. November, — Montezuma Arrested".

Enciclopedia de Mexico in Spanish. Greenwood Press, , pp. Disease and New World Conquest, — Cambridge University Press Concise History of Mexico. Artes de Mexico y del Mundo.

Archived from the original on April 11, Retrieved October 17, Evolution of a Nation. Countries of the World. Retrieved October 18, Archived from the original on February 1, Retrieved October 19, Atlas and Survey of Latin American History.

Improving the Outlook for Sustainability. Archived from the original on September 22, Retrieved October 4, Universidad Nacional de Colombia 3: Concise Encyclopedia of Mexico.

Archived from the original on December 7, Retrieved November 25, University of Salzburg, Austria: Retrieved October 29, Faaa , Papeete , Punaauia , Pirae , Mahina.

Tijuana , Mexicali , Ensenada , Rosarito , Tecate. Vancouver , Surrey , Okanagan , Victoria , Burnaby. John , Dawson Creek.

Phoenix , Tucson , Mesa , Chandler , Glendale. Madero , Monterrey , Guadalupe , Saltillo , Torreon. Puerto Ayora , Puerto Baquerizo Moreno.

Vincennes , Jasper , Washington , Huntingburg. Lima , Arequipa , Callao , Trujillo , Chiclayo. Babijn , Oranjestad , Angochi , Arasji.

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Casablanca , Rabat , Fes , Sale , Marrakesh. Dakhla , Smara , Laayoune Plage. Freetown , Bo , Kenema , Koidu , Makeni. Monrovia , Gbarnga , Kakata , Bensonville , Harper.

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Zeitzone mexico city - think

Vor war Baja California, das sich an Kalifornien orientiert, der einzige Bundesstaat mit Sommerzeit; diese war damals schon seit Jahrzehnten üblich. Reisewarnungen Es liegen MexikoSicherheit. Reiseinfos Vorwahl für Auslandsverbin-dungen vom Festnetz: Ansichten Lesen Bearbeiten Quelltext bearbeiten Versionsgeschichte. Sun Jan 27, Sonntag, NN Last Updated on January 26, 7: Es sind momentan 53 Besucher online.

This soft base is collapsing due to the over-extraction of groundwater, called groundwater-related subsidence. Since the beginning of the 20th century the city has sunk as much as nine meters 30 feet in some areas.

This sinking is causing problems with runoff and wastewater management, leading to flooding problems, especially during the rainy season.

The lower region of the valley receives less rainfall than the upper regions of the south; the lower boroughs of Iztapalapa , Iztacalco , Venustiano Carranza and the east portion of Gustavo A.

Madero are usually drier and warmer than the upper southern boroughs of Tlalpan and Milpa Alta , a mountainous region of pine and oak trees known as the range of Ajusco.

Overall precipitation is heavily concentrated in the summer months, and includes dense hail. Snow falls in the city very rarely, although somewhat more often in nearby mountain tops.

Throughout its history, the Central Valley of Mexico used to have several snowfalls per decade including a period between and in which every single year—except —recorded snowfalls [64] mostly lake-effect snow.

The effects of the draining of Lake Texcoco and global warming have greatly reduced snowfalls after the snow flurries of February 12, The region of the Valley of Mexico receives anti-cyclonic systems.

The weak winds of these systems do not allow for the dispersion, outside the basin, of the air pollutants which are produced by the 50, industries and 4 million vehicles operating in and around the metropolitan area.

The rainy season runs from June to October when winds bring in tropical moisture from the sea, the wettest month being July. The dry season runs from November to May, when the air is relatively drier, the driest month being December.

This dry season is subdivided into a cold period and a warm period. The cold period spans from November to February, when polar air masses push down from the north and keep the air fairly dry.

The warm period extends from March to May when tropical winds again dominate but do not yet carry enough moisture for rain to form. Originally much of the valley laid beneath the waters of Lake Texcoco , a system of interconnected salt and freshwater lakes.

The Aztecs built dikes to separate the fresh water used to raise crops in chinampas and to prevent recurrent floods. These dikes were destroyed during the siege of Tenochtitlan, and during colonial times the Spanish regularly drained the lake to prevent floods.

Only a small section of the original lake remains, located outside Mexico City, in the municipality of Atenco , State of Mexico.

If approved by the government the project will contribute to the supply of water from natural sources to the Valley of Mexico , the creation of new natural spaces, a great improvement in air quality, and greater population establishment planning.

By carbon monoxide pollution had dropped drastically, while levels of sulfur dioxide and nitrogen dioxide were nearly three times lower than in The levels of signature pollutants in Mexico City are similar to those of Los Angeles.

To clean up pollution, the federal and local governments implemented numerous plans including the constant monitoring and reporting of environmental conditions, such as ozone and nitrogen oxides.

This location would then be appropriated as federal land, with the federal government acting as the local authority. The choice was official on November 18, , and Congress delineated a surface area of two leagues square 8, acres centered on the Zocalo.

The Mexican—American War had just been fought. By that time, the total number of municipalities within Mexico City was twenty-two. While Mexico City was ruled by the federal government through an appointed governor, the municipalities within it were autonomous, and this duality of powers created tension between the municipalities and the federal government for more than a century.

Eventually, in December , the federal government decided to abolish all the municipalities of the Federal District. In place of the municipalities, the Federal District was divided into one "Central Department" and 13 delegaciones boroughs administered directly by the government of the Federal District.

In , the General Anaya borough was merged to the Central Department, which was then renamed "Mexico City" thus reviving the name, but not the autonomous municipality.

From to , the Federal District comprised twelve delegaciones and Mexico City. In , Mexico City was split into four different delegaciones: Since then, the whole Federal District, whose delegaciones had by then almost formed a single urban area, began to be considered de facto a synonym of Mexico City.

The lack of a de jure stipulation left a legal vacuum that led to a number of sterile discussions about whether one concept had engulfed the other or if the latter had ceased to exist altogether.

In , the situation was solved by an amendment to the 44th article of the Constitution of Mexico ; Mexico City and the Federal District were stated to be the same entity.

The amendment was later introduced into the second article of the Statute of Government of the Federal District. Mexico City, being the seat of the powers of the Union, belongs not to any particular state but to all of them.

Therefore, the president, representing the federation, used to designate the head of government of the Federal District today the head of the government of Mexico City , sometimes called outside Mexico as the "Mayor" of Mexico City.

In response to the demands, Mexico City received a greater degree of autonomy, with the elaboration the first Statute of Government Estatuto de Gobierno and the creation of an Assembly of Representatives.

He resigned in to run in the presidential elections and designated Rosario Robles to succeed him, who became the first woman, elected or otherwise, to govern Mexico City.

In , Marcelo Ebrard was elected to serve until The city does not have a constitution, unlike the states of the Union, but it has a Statute of Government.

As part of the recent changes in autonomy, the budget is administered locally; it is proposed by the head of government and approved by the Legislative Assembly.

Nonetheless, it is the Congress of the Union that sets the ceiling to internal and external public debt issued by the city government. According to the 44th article of the Mexican Constitution, if the powers of the Union move to another city, Mexico City would become a new state, the "State of the Valley of Mexico", with the new limits set by the Congress of the Union.

In , elections were held for the post of head of government and the representatives of the Legislative Assembly. Heads of government are elected for a six-year period without the possibility of re-election.

Traditionally, the position has been considered as the second most important executive office in the country. The Legislative Assembly of Mexico City is formed, as it is the case for state legislatures in Mexico, by both single-seat and proportional seats, making it a system of parallel voting.

Mexico City is divided into 40 electoral constituencies of similar population which elect one representative by the plurality voting system , locally called "uninominal deputies".

Mexico City, as a whole, is a single constituency for the parallel election of 26 representatives, elected by proportional representation , with open-party lists, locally called "plurinominal deputies".

Even though proportionality is supposed to prevent a party from being overrepresented, several restrictions apply in the assignation of the seats.

In the elections, the PRD got the absolute majority in the direct uninominal elections, securing 34 of the 40 FPP seats. As such, the PRD was not assigned any plurinominal seat to comply with the law that prevents over-representation.

The overall composition of the Legislative Assembly is:. The politics pursued by the administrations of heads of government in Mexico City since the second half of the 20th century have usually been more liberal than those of the rest of the country, whether with the support of the federal government, as was the case with the approval of several comprehensive environmental laws in the s, or by laws that were since approved by the Legislative Assembly.

The Legislative Assembly expanded provisions on abortions, becoming the first federal entity to expand abortion in Mexico beyond cases of rape and economic reasons, to permit it at the choice of the mother before the 12th week of pregnancy.

For administrative purposes, the Federal District is divided into 16 "delegaciones", or boroughs. While they are not fully equivalent to municipalities, the boroughs have gained significant autonomy, and since , their heads of government have been elected directly by plurality they had been appointed by the head of government of the Federal District.

Since Mexico City is organized entirely as a Federal District, most of the city services are provided or organized by the Government of the Federal District, not by the boroughs themselves; in the constituent states , such services would be provided by the municipalities.

The boroughs of Mexico City with their populations are: The boroughs are composed by hundreds of colonias or neighborhoods , which have no jurisdictional autonomy or representation.

Other well-known central neighborhoods include Condesa , known for its Art Deco architecture and its restaurant scene; Colonia Roma , a beaux arts neighborhood and artistic and culinary hot-spot, the Zona Rosa , formerly the center of nightlife and restaurants, now reborn as the center of the LGBT and Korean-Mexican communities; and Tepito and La Lagunilla , known for their local working-class foklore and large flea markets.

Nevertheless, some areas of lower-income colonias are right next to rich neighborhoods, particularly in the case of Santa Fe. Urban sprawl continues further east for many miles into the State of Mexico, including Ciudad Nezahualcoyotl , now increasingly middle-class, but once full of informal settlements.

Such slums are still found on the eastern edges of the metropolitan area in the Chalco area. Madero have important industrial centers and neighborhoods that range from established middle-class colonias such as Claveria and Lindavista to huge low-income housing areas that share hillsides with adjacent municipalities in the State of Mexico.

Greater Mexico City is the largest metropolitan area in Mexico and the area with the highest population density. As of [update] , 21,, people live in this urban agglomeration, of which 8,, live in Mexico City proper.

The above municipalities are located in the state of Mexico but are part of the Greater Mexico City area.

Greater Mexico City was the fastest growing metropolitan area in the country until the late s. Since then, and through a policy of decentralization in order to reduce the environmental pollutants of the growing conurbation, the annual rate of growth of the agglomeration has decreased, and it is lower than that of the other four largest metropolitan areas namely Greater Guadalajara , Greater Monterrey , Greater Puebla and Greater Toluca even though it is still positive.

The net migration rate of Mexico City proper from to was negative, [88] which implies that residents are moving to the suburbs of the metropolitan area, or to other states of Mexico.

In addition, some inner suburbs are losing population to outer suburbs, indicating the continuing expansion of Greater Mexico City. The historic district is also roamed by tourist police, aiming to orient and serve tourists.

These horse-mounted agents dress in traditional uniforms. Between and an average of crimes were reported each day in Mexico City; however, the actual crime rate is thought to be much higher "since most people are reluctant to report crime".

Some of the policies enacted included the installation of 11, security cameras around the city and a very large expansion of the police force.

The World Bank has sponsored a project to curb air pollution through public transport improvements and the Mexican government has started shutting down polluting factories.

They have phased out diesel buses and mandated new emission controls on new cars; since all new cars must be fitted with a catalytic converter , which reduces the emissions released.

Trucks must use only liquefied petroleum gas LPG. Also construction of an underground rail system was begun in in order to help curb air pollution problems and alleviate traffic congestion.

Fees are kept low to encourage use of the system and during rush hours the crush is so great, that authorities have reserved a special carriage specifically for women.

Due to these initiatives and others, the air quality in Mexico City has begun to improve, with the air becoming cleaner since , when the air quality was declared to be a public health risk for days of the year.

Mexico City is one of the most important economic hubs in Latin America. The city proper produces Due to the limited non-urbanized space at the south—most of which is protected through environmental laws—the contribution of Mexico City in agriculture is the smallest of all federal entities in the country.

The high spending power of Mexico City inhabitants makes the city attractive for companies offering prestige and luxury goods. The economic reforms of President Carlos Salinas de Gortari had a tremendous effect on the city, as a number of businesses, including banks and airlines, were privatized.

By contrast, corporate office buildings set their base in the city. Historically, and since Pre-Columbian times, the Valley of Anahuac has been one of the most densely populated areas in Mexico.

According to the census, Up to the s, the Federal District was the most populous federal entity in Mexico, but since then its population has remained stable at around 8.

The growth of the city has extended beyond the limits of the Federal District to 59 municipalities of the State of Mexico and 1 in the state of Hidalgo.

Nonetheless, the annual rate of growth of the Metropolitan Area of Mexico City is much lower than that of other large urban agglomerations in Mexico, [87] a phenomenon most likely attributable to the environmental policy of decentralization.

The net migration rate of Mexico City from to was negative. Nahuatl , Otomi , Mixtec , Zapotec and Mazahua are the indigenous languages with the greatest number of speakers in Mexico City.

On the other hand, Mexico City is also home to large communities of expatriates and immigrants, most notably from the rest of North America U.

While no official figures have been reported, population estimates of each of these communities are quite significant. Mexico City is home to the largest population of U.

Americans living outside the United States. Current estimates are as high as , U. Americans living in Mexico City, while in the U. There are also growing [ citation needed ] numbers of irreligious people, whether agnostic or atheist.

Mexico City is a destination for many foreign tourists. The Templo Mayor was discovered in while workers were digging to place underground electric cables.

Today, this avenue is an important financial district in which the Mexican Stock Exchange and several corporate headquarters are located.

Another important avenue is the Avenida de los Insurgentes , which extends Chapultepec Park houses the Chapultepec Castle , now a museum on a hill that overlooks the park and its numerous museums, monuments and the national zoo and the National Museum of Anthropology which houses the Aztec Calendar Stone.

There is a double-decker bus , known as the "Turibus", that circles most of these sites, and has timed audio describing the sites in multiple languages as they are passed.

It has either the third or fourth-highest number of theatres in the world after New York, London and perhaps Toronto. Having been capital of a vast pre-Hispanic empire, and also the capital of richest viceroyalty within the Spanish Empire ruling over a vast territory in the Americas and Spanish West Indies , and, finally, the capital of the United Mexican States, Mexico City has a rich history of artistic expression.

Since the mesoamerican pre-Classical period the inhabitants of the settlements around Lake Texcoco produced many works of art and complex craftsmanship, some of which are today displayed at the world-renowned National Museum of Anthropology and the Templo Mayor museum.

While many pieces of pottery and stone-engraving have survived, the great majority of the Amerindian iconography was destroyed during the Conquest of Mexico.

Much of the early colonial art stemmed from the codices Aztec illustrated books , aiming to recover and preserve some Aztec and other Amerindian iconography and history.

From then, artistic expressions in Mexico were mostly religious in theme. The Metropolitan Cathedral still displays works by Juan de Rojas , Juan Correa and an oil painting whose authorship has been attributed to Murillo.

Many of the works produced by the students and faculty of that time are now displayed in the Museo Nacional de San Carlos National Museum of San Carlos.

Popular arts in the form of cartoons and illustrations flourished, e. After the Mexican Revolution , an avant-garde artistic movement originated in Mexico City: Frida Kahlo , wife of Rivera, with a strong nationalist expression, was also one of the most renowned of Mexican painters.

Her house has become a museum that displays many of her works. The former home of Rivera muse Dolores Olmedo houses the namesake museum. The facility is in Xochimilco borough in southern Mexico City and includes several buildings surrounded by sprawling manicured lawns.

It houses a large collection of Rivera and Kahlo paintings and drawings, as well as living Xoloizcuintles Mexican Hairless Dog. It also regularly hosts small but important temporary exhibits of classical and modern art e.

Venetian Masters and Contemporary New York artists. Other painters came from abroad, such as Catalan painter Remedios Varo and other Spanish and Jewish exiles.

It was in the second half of the 20th century that the artistic movement began to drift apart from the Revolutionary theme.

Mexico City has numerous museums dedicated to art, including Mexican colonial, modern and contemporary art , and international art. The Museo Tamayo was opened in the mids to house the collection of international contemporary art donated by famed Mexican born in the state of Oaxaca painter Rufino Tamayo.

The collection includes pieces by Picasso, Klee, Kandinsky, Warhol and many others, though most of the collection is stored while visiting exhibits are shown.

The Museo de Arte Moderno Museum of Modern Art is a repository of Mexican artists from the 20th century, including Rivera, Orozco, Siqueiros, Kahlo, Gerzso , Carrington, Tamayo, among others, and also regularly hosts temporary exhibits of international modern art.

The Museo Soumaya , named after the wife of Mexican magnate Carlos Slim , has the largest private collection of original Rodin sculptures outside Paris.

The museum inaugurated a new futuristic-design facility in just north of Polanco, while maintaining a smaller facility in Plaza de Loreto in southern Mexico City.

It is said to have the largest private contemporary art collection in Latin America and hosts pieces from its permanent collection as well as traveling exhibits by leading contemporary artists.

It houses a large collection of pieces by all major Mexican artists of the last years and also hosts visiting exhibits. Jack Kerouac , the noted American author, spent extended periods of time in the city, and wrote his masterpiece volume of poetry Mexico City Blues here.

Another American author, William S. Burroughs , also lived in the Colonia Roma neighborhood of the city for some time.

It was here that he accidentally shot his wife. In addition to this, entrance to most museums are free on Sunday. In some cases a modest fee may be charged.

The brainchild of two young Mexican women as a Holocaust museum, the idea morphed into a unique museum dedicated to showcasing all major historical events of discrimination and genocide.

Permanent exhibits include those on the Holocaust and other large-scale atrocities. It also houses temporary exhibits; one on Tibet was inaugurated by the Dalai Lama in September Mexico City is home to a number of orchestras offering season programs.

The city is also a leading center of popular culture and music. There are a multitude of venues hosting Spanish and foreign-language performers.

Other popular sites for pop-artist performances include the 3,seat Teatro Metropolitan , the 15,seat Palacio de los Deportes , and the larger 50,seat Foro Sol Stadium, where popular international artists perform on a regular basis.

There are numerous venues for smaller musical ensembles and solo performers. Mexico City has a number of IMAX theatres, providing residents and visitors access to films ranging from documentaries to popular blockbusters on these especially large, dramatic screens.

Mexico City offers a variety of cuisines. Also available are an array of international cuisines, including Canadian , [] French , Italian , Croatian , Spanish including many regional variations , Jewish , Lebanese , Chinese again with regional variations , Indian , Japanese , Korean , Thai , Vietnamese , and fellow Latin American cuisines such as Argentine , Brazilian , and Peruvian.

Haute , fusion , kosher , vegetarian and vegan cuisines are also available, as are restaurants solely based on the concepts of local food and slow Food.

La Nueva Viga Market is the second largest seafood market in the world after the Tsukiji fish market in Japan. The city also has several branches of renowned international restaurants and chefs.

Also notable is the Basque-Mexican fusion restaurant Biko run and co-owned by Bruno Oteiza and Mikel Alonso , which placed outside the list at 59th, but in previous years has ranked within the top Mexico City is served by the Sistema de Transporte Colectivo , a The first portions were opened in and it has expanded to 12 lines with stations.

The metro transports 4. Cul de Sac , Philipsburg. Manaus , Itacoatiara , Parintins , Manacapuru , Coari. Brades , Saint Peters , Plymouth.

Saint Kitts and Nevis. Saint Vincent and the Grenadines. Tortola , Road Town. La Rioja , Chilecito , Arauco , Chamical. Nuuk , Sisimiut , Ilulissat , Qaqortoq.

Saint Pierre and Miquelon. South Georgia and the South Sandwich Islands. Accra , Kumasi , Tamale , Takoradi , Achiaman.

Brikama , Bakau , Banjul , Farafenni , Lamin. Casablanca , Rabat , Fes , Sale , Marrakesh. Dakhla , Smara , Laayoune Plage. Freetown , Bo , Kenema , Koidu , Makeni.

Monrovia , Gbarnga , Kakata , Bensonville , Harper. Jamestown , Georgetown , Edinburgh of the Seven Seas.

Saint Helier , Le Hocq. Republic of the Congo. Democratic Republic of the Congo. Kinshasa , Masina , Kikwit , Mbandaka , Matadi.

Niamey , Zinder , Maradi , Agadez , Alaghsas. Sao Tome and Principe. Tunis , Sfax , Sousse , Midoun , Kairouan.

Svalbard and Jan Mayen. Ljubljana , Maribor , Celje , Kranj , Velenje. Madrid , Barcelona , Valencia , Sevilla , Zaragoza. Monaco , Monte-Carlo , La Condamine.

Oslo , Bergen , Trondheim , Stavanger , Drammen. Paris , Marseille , Lyon , Toulouse , Nice. Prague , Brno , Ostrava , Pilsen , Olomouc.

Rome , Milano , Napoli , Turin , Palermo. Skopje , Bitola , Kumanovo , Prilep , Tetovo. Schaan , Vaduz , Triesen , Balzers , Eschen. Vienna , Graz , Linz , Salzburg , Innsbruck.

Lilongwe , Blantyre , Mzuzu , Zomba , Kasungu. Bujumbura , Muyinga , Ruyigi , Gitega , Ngozi. Harare , Bulawayo , Chitungwiza , Mutare , Gweru.

Web servers presenting web pages primarily for an audience in a single time zone or a limited range of time zones typically show times as a local time, perhaps with UTC time in brackets.

More internationally oriented websites may show times in UTC only or using an arbitrary time zone. The format is typically based in the W3C Note "datetime".

Email systems and other messaging systems IRC chat , etc. Database records that include a time stamp typically use UTC, especially when the database is part of a system that spans multiple time zones.

The use of local time for time-stamping records is not recommended for time zones that implement daylight saving time because once a year there is a one-hour period when local times are ambiguous.

Calendar systems nowadays usually tie their time stamps to UTC, and show them differently on computers that are in different time zones.

That works when having telephone or internet meetings. It works less well when travelling, because the calendar events are assumed to take place in the time zone the computer or smartphone was on when creating the event.

The event can be shown at the wrong time. There is also an option in newer versions of Microsoft Outlook to enter the time zone in which an event will happen, but often not in other calendar systems.

Calendaring software must also deal with daylight saving time DST. If, for political reasons, the begin and end dates of daylight saving time are changed, calendar entries should stay the same in local time, even though they may shift in UTC time.

In Google Calendar , calendar events are stored in UTC although shown in local time and might be changed by a time-zone changes, [31] although normal daylight saving start and end are compensated for similar to much other calendar software.

This allows users in multiple timezones to use the same computer, with their respective local times displayed correctly to each user. Time zone information most commonly comes from the IANA time zone database.

Windows -based computer systems prior to Windows used local time, but Windows and later can use UTC as the basic system time.

Interaction with the user normally uses local time, and application software is able to calculate the time in various zones. Terminal Services uses the server base time on the Terminal Server and the client time zone information to calculate the time in the session.

While most application software will use the underlying operating system for timezone information, the Java Platform , from version 1.

This database is updated whenever timezone rules change. Oracle provides an updater tool for this purpose. As an alternative to the timezone information bundled with the Java Platform, programmers may choose to use the Joda-Time library.

Java 8 Date Time. There is very little in the way of timezone support for JavaScript. Essentially the programmer has to extract the UTC offset by instantiating a time object, getting a GMT time from it, and differencing the two.

This does not provide a solution for daylight saving variations. The DateTime object in Perl supports all time zones in the Olson DB and includes the ability to get, set and convert between time zones.

This includes the ability to get and set the default script timezone, and DateTime is aware of its own timezone internally.

The standard module datetime included with Python stores and operates on the timezone information class tzinfo. The third party pytz module provides access to the full IANA time zone database.

Each Smalltalk dialect comes with its own built-in classes for dates, times and timestamps, only a few of which implement the DateAndTime and Duration classes as specified by the ANSI Smalltalk Standard.

VisualWorks provides a TimeZone class that supports up to two annually recurring offset transitions, which are assumed to apply to all years same behavior as Windows time zones.

Squeak provides a Timezone class that does not support any offset transitions. Dolphin Smalltalk does not support time zones at all.

VisualWorks, Squeak, Gemstone, or Dolphin. Orbiting spacecraft typically experience many sunrises and sunsets in a hour period, or in the case of Apollo program astronauts travelling to the moon, none.

A common practice for space exploration is to use the Earth-based time zone of the launch site or mission control. This keeps the sleeping cycles of the crew and controllers in sync.

Timekeeping on Mars can be more complex, since the planet has a solar day of approximately 24 hours and 39 minutes, known as a sol.

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia. Geographical region with a uniform standard time. This article is about time zones in general. For a list of time zones by country, see List of time zones by country.

For more time zone lists, see Lists of time zones. For other uses, see Time zone disambiguation. This article needs additional citations for verification.

Please help improve this article by adding citations to reliable sources. Unsourced material may be challenged and removed. This article possibly contains original research.

Please improve it by verifying the claims made and adding inline citations. Statements consisting only of original research should be removed.

August Learn how and when to remove this template message. This section needs additional citations for verification.

List of time zone abbreviations. List of UTC time offsets. It has been suggested that List of UTC time offsets be merged into this article.

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