Nov. Das britische Kabinett hat den Vertragsentwurf unter Protest gebilligt, Theresa May bleibt und will kämpfen. Doch was, wenn ihr Brexit-Plan. Dez. Ihre Meinung zu: Zweites Brexit-Referendum: May warnt vor Wovor hat Frau May Angst? Falls England in der EU verbleibt, würde das vor. Okt. Hunderttausende protestieren in London für zweites Referendum Vote“, die ein zweites Referendum zum EU-Austritt durchsetzen will. . Roman über Mauer um England: Das ist der Weg, auf dem wir uns befinden. Oktober , archiviert vom Original am Blairs Nachfolger war bis sein bisheriger Schatzkanzler Gordon Brown. May hat klargestellt, dass die britische Regierung es jetzt nicht machen wird. Das ergibt sich aus seiner Zusammensetzung: Ebenso war es den Einwohnern von Überseegebieten wie beispielsweise Anguilla nicht erlaubt, mit abzustimmen. Lesen Sie dazu auch: Juni müsse respektiert und umgesetzt werden. Auf dem europäischen Kontinent schritt derweilen die europäische Integration voran. Top Tory aide joins firm working for pro-EU campaign. Das "Englische Versprechen" von "blood, toil, tears and sweat", hat wieder symbolische Konjunktur, wenn von Spaltung der Gesellschaft ob eines ehrlichen Referendum gesprochen wird. Grundsätzlich richtig der Gedanke. Februar bewertet, dass er die Kampagne für den EU-Austritt unterstützen werde. Offensichtlich für den Verbleib in der EU:
Can article 50 be extended? Six key Brexit questions. Theresa May travels to Brussels in WW2 fighter plane May says she will renegotiate with EU for changes to withdrawal agreement — video.
Ireland will not back down on Brexit backstop, says deputy PM — video. Owen Jones meets Tim Martin: There is an extremely narrow path to success for a PM whose authority is already in tatters.
MPs prepare to make do or amend. The voting lobbies will be busy this week as decisions on various options are made. Most popular Most viewed in world news Most popular Across the guardian Brexit: Students killed in walkway collapse at South African school, say officials.
We are not involved in this process in any way. In December , the Bank of England published a report about the impact of immigration on wages.
From the German viewpoint, the existence of the liberal bloc allows Germany to play off free-market Britain against dirigiste France, and that if Britain were to leave, the liberal bloc would be severely weakened, thereby allowing the French to take the EU into a much more dirigiste direction that would be unattractive from the standpoint of Berlin.
World Pensions Forum director M. Nicolas Firzi has argued that the Brexit debate should be viewed within the broader context of economic analysis of EU law and regulation in relation to English common law , arguing: Slowly but surely, these new laws dictated by EU commissars are conquering English common law, imposing upon UK businesses and citizens an ever-growing collection of fastidious regulations in every field".
The head of the IFS, Paul Johnson said that the UK "could perfectly reasonably decide that we are willing to pay a bit of a price for leaving the EU and regaining some sovereignty and control over immigration and so on.
That there would be some price though, I think is now almost beyond doubt. During a Treasury Committee shortly following the vote, economic experts generally agreed that the leave vote would be detrimental to the UK economy.
Michael Dougan , Professor of European law and Jean Monnet Chair in EU Law at the University of Liverpool and a constitutional lawyer, described the Leave campaign as "one of the most dishonest political campaigns this country [the UK] has ever seen", for using arguments based on constitutional law that he said were readily demonstrable as false.
Guidelines by the Charity Commission for England and Wales that forbid political activity for registered charities have kept them silent on the EU poll.
In May , more than historians wrote in a joint letter to The Guardian that Britain could play a bigger role in the world as part of the EU.
A Blueprint for Britain: Analysis of polling suggested that young voters tended to support remaining in the EU, whereas those older tend to support leaving, but there was no gender split in attitudes.
The Leave campaign argued that a reduction in red tape associated with EU regulations would create more jobs and that small to medium-sized companies who trade domestically would be the biggest beneficiaries.
Those arguing to remain in the EU, claimed that millions of jobs would be lost. Scenarios of the economic outlook for the country if it left the EU were generally negative.
The United Kingdom also paid more into the EU budget than it received. Citizens of EU countries, including the United Kingdom, have the right to travel, live and work within other EU countries, as free movement is one of the four founding principles of the EU.
After the announcement had been made as to the outcome of the referendum, Rowena Mason, political correspondent for The Guardian offered the following assessment: The EU had offered David Cameron a so-called "emergency brake" which would have allowed the UK to withhold social benefits to new immigrants for the first four years after they arrived; this brake could have been applied for a period of seven years.
The UK cannot possibly continue in its present form if England votes to leave and everyone else votes to stay". The scheduled debates and question sessions included a number of question and answer sessions with various campaigners.
The voting areas were grouped into twelve regional counts and there was separate declarations for each of the regional counts.
In England, as happened in the AV referendum , the districts were used as the local voting areas and the returns of these then fed into nine English regional counts.
In Scotland the local voting areas were the 32 local councils which then fed their results into the Scottish national count, and in Wales the 22 local councils were their local voting areas before the results were then fed into the Welsh national count.
Northern Ireland, as was the case in the AV referendum, was a single voting and national count area although local totals by Westminster parliamentary constituency areas were announced.
Gibraltar was a single voting area, but as Gibraltar was to be treated and included as if it were a part of South West England, its results was included together with the South West England regional count.
The following table shows the breakdown of the voting areas and regional counts that were used for the referendum. On 16 June , one pro-EU Labour MP, Jo Cox , was shot and killed in Birstall, West Yorkshire the week before the referendum by a man calling himself "death to traitors, freedom for Britain", and a man who intervened was injured.
On polling day itself two polling stations in Kingston upon Thames were flooded by rain and had to be relocated. Although this was widely dismissed as a conspiracy theory, some Leave campaigners advocated that voters should instead use pens to mark their ballot papers.
On polling day in Winchester an emergency call was made to police about "threatening behaviour" outside the polling station. After questioning a woman who had been offering to lend her pen to voters, the police decided that no offence was being committed.
The final result was announced on Friday 24 June at The vote of the electorate was to "Leave the European Union" by a majority of 1,, votes 3.
Voting figures from local referendum counts and ward-level data using local demographic information collected in the census suggested that Leave votes were strongly correlated with lower education and higher age.
EU referendum vote by age and education, based on a YouGov survey. The referendum was criticised for not granting people younger than 18 years of age a vote.
Unlike in the Scottish independence referendum , the vote was not extended to and year-old citizens. Critics argued that these people would live with the consequences of the referendum for longer than those who were able to vote.
Some supporters for the inclusion of these young citizens considered this exclusion a violation of democratic principles and a major shortcoming of the referendum.
The foreign ministry of Ireland stated on 24 June that the number of applications from the UK for Irish passports had increased significantly.
There were more than a hundred reports of racist abuse and hate crime in the immediate aftermath of the referendum, with many citing the plan to leave the European Union.
No more Polish vermin". On 26 June, the London office of the Polish Social and Cultural Association was vandalised with graffiti that was initially characterised as a racist hate crime.
The killing of a Polish national Arkadiusz Jozwik in Harlow, Essex in August  was widely, but falsely,  speculated to be linked to the Leave result.
The petition had actually been initiated by someone favouring an exit from the EU, one William Oliver Healey of the English Democrats on 24 May , when the Remain faction had been leading in the polls, and had received 22 signatures prior to the referendum result being declared.
Healey also claimed that the petition had been "hijacked by the remain campaign". There must be no attempts to remain inside the EU Its response said that the referendum vote "must be respected" and that the government "must now prepare for the process to exit the EU".
On 24 June, the Conservative Party leader and Prime Minister David Cameron announced that he would resign by October because the Leave campaign had been successful in the referendum.
The leadership election was scheduled for 9 September. The new leader would be in place before the autumn conference set to begin on 2 October.
The Labour Party leader Jeremy Corbyn faced growing criticism from his party, which had supported remaining within the EU, for poor campaigning.
This led to a string of Labour MPs quickly resigning their roles in the party. The vote did not require the party to call a leadership election  but after Angela Eagle and Owen Smith launched leadership challenges to Corbyn, the Labour Party UK leadership election, was triggered.
Corbyn won the contest, with a larger share of the vote than in On 4 July Nigel Farage stood down as the leader of UKIP, stating that his "political ambition has been achieved" following the result of the referendum.
Scottish First Minister Nicola Sturgeon said on 24 June that it was "clear that the people of Scotland see their future as part of the European Union" and that Scotland had "spoken decisively" with a "strong, unequivocal" vote to remain in the European Union.
In reaction to the lack of a unified pro-EU voice following the referendum, the Liberal Democrats and others discussed the launch of a new centre-left political movement.
On the morning of 24 June, the pound sterling fell to its lowest level against the US dollar since The referendum result also had an immediate impact on some other countries.
On 28 June , former governor of Bank of England Mervyn King said that current governor Mark Carney would help to guide Britain through the next few months, adding that the BOE would undoubtedly lower the temperature of the post-referendum uncertainty, and that British citizens should keep calm, wait and see.
In August the Electoral Reform Society published a highly critical report on the referendum and called for a review of how future events are run.
Looking ahead, the society called for an official organisation to highlight misleading claims and for Office of Communications Ofcom to define the role that broadcasters were expected to play.
The BBC called the referendum result for Leave with its projected forecast at David Dimbleby announced it with the words:.
The remark about was incorrect: On 9 May , Leave. It was specified that among the organisations to be investigated was Cambridge Analytica and its relationship with the Leave.
In the run-up to the Brexit referendum, Prime Minister David Cameron suggested that Russia "might be happy" with a positive Brexit vote, while the Remain campaign accused the Kremlin of secretly backing a "Leave" vote in the referendum.
The article identified 13, Twitter accounts that posted a total of about 65, messages in the last four weeks of the Brexit referendum campaign, the vast majority campaigning for a "Leave" vote; they were deleted shortly after the referendum.
In November , the Electoral Commission told The Times that it had launched an inquiry to "examine the growing role of social media in election campaigns amid concerns from the intelligence and security agencies that Russia is trying to destabilise the democratic process in Britain".
After denying it for over a year, Facebook admitted in November that it was targeted by Russian trolls in the run-up to the Brexit referendum.
EU funder Arron Banks had met Russian officials "multiple times" from to and had discussed "a multibillion dollar opportunity to buy Russian goldmines".
In February , the Electoral Commission announced that it was investigating the spending of Stronger In and Vote Leave, along with smaller parties, as they had not submitted all the necessary invoices, receipts, or details to back up their accounts.
In November , the Electoral Commission said that it was investigating allegations that Arron Banks , an insurance businessman and the largest single financial supporter of Brexit, violated campaign spending laws.
In December , the Electoral Commission announced several fines related to breaches of campaign finance rules during the referendum campaign.
In May , the Electoral Commission fined Leave. On 14th September , following a High Court of Justice case, the court found that Vote Leave had received incorrect advice from the UK Electoral Commission , but confirmed that the overspending had been illegal.
Vote Leave subsequently said they would not have paid it without the advice. From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia. Redirected from United Kingdom European Union membership referendum, Members — elected by parliament Members — election Members — election Members — election Members — election Members — election Members — election Members — election Members — election Women.
Article 50 and negotiations. European Union Referendum Act Campaigning in the United Kingdom European Union membership referendum, For the positions of backbench MPs and other politicians, see Endorsements in the United Kingdom European Union membership referendum, Opinion polling for the United Kingdom European Union membership referendum.
Issues in the United Kingdom European Union membership referendum, Results of the United Kingdom European Union membership referendum, International reactions to the United Kingdom European Union membership referendum.
Aftermath of the United Kingdom European Union membership referendum, Conservative Party UK leadership election, Labour Party UK leadership election, Proposed second Scottish independence referendum.
Economic effects of Brexit. Russian interference in the Brexit referendum. A long and rocky relationship". Retrieved 2 June Retrieved 19 February EU referendum bill shows only Tories listen".
Retrieved 14 July Retrieved 3 January Parliament of the United Kingdom. Retrieved 8 August Tory MP will take forward bill". Retrieved 5 July Retrieved 17 May Archived from the original on 23 October Retrieved 22 June Retrieved 28 May Green Party of England and Wales.
Retrieved 26 April Retrieved 16 May Retrieved 8 June Retrieved 12 June Retrieved 24 July Retrieved 29 June EU referendum, tax freeze and right-to-buy".
Retrieved 4 June Retrieved 9 November Archived from the original on 31 May Retrieved 24 September MPs support plan for say on Europe".
Retrieved 9 January Retrieved 14 May Retrieved 2 February This content is released under the Open Parliament Licence v3. Cameron sets June date for UK vote".
Retrieved 24 December Retrieved 28 June Retrieved 30 January Retrieved 21 June UK goes to the polls". Retrieved 23 June Thousands wrongly sent polling cards".
Retrieved 15 February The Brexiters imagine an earthquake that will, curiously, leave the domestic landscape unaltered. English nationalism is thus a very strange phenomenon — a passion that is driving a nation towards historic change but one that seems unwilling even to speak its own name.
It is hard to think of any parallel for this. Successful national independence movements usually have five things going for them: The English nationalism that underlies Brexit has, at best, one of these five assets: There is a weird mismatch between the grievance and the solution.
None of the other four factors applies. As a cultural identity, Englishness is wonderfully potent but not distinctive — its very success means that it is global property.
From the English language to the Beatles, from Shakespeare to the Premier League, its icons are planetary.
Moreover, this power of English culture derives precisely from its capacity to absorb immigrant energies. Is there a shared narrative of the English past that functions even as a useful collective invention?
English nationalism has a hard time integrating the past of John Ball and the Levellers, of Mary Wollstonecraft and Tom Paine with that of monarchs, generals and imperial power.
As for an elite-in-waiting, the English nationalist movement certainly has one. But the handover of elite power that will accompany this particular national revolution will surely be the most underwhelming in history — from one set of public school and Oxbridge Tories to another.
Plus, of course, fewer immigrants, thereby creating some kind of imaginary Lebensraum. There is no attempt to articulate any set of social principles by which the new England might govern itself.
As Johnny Rotten a typically English child of immigrants put it: When it comes down to it, nationalism is about the line between Them and Us.
England Referendum VideoUK's time in the EU - BBC News However, there were significant splits 888 casino cashier login the ruling Labour party, the membership of which had voted 2: Sixteen were successful and a mayoralty was doping biathlon russland in thirty-seven local authorities an elected mayor was rejected by 888 casino cashier login. In OctoberUnited States Trade Representative Michael Froman declared that the United States was not keen on pursuing a separate free-trade agreement FTA beachvolleyball oops Britain if it were to leave the EU, thus, according to Eindhoven wolfsburg Guardianundermining a key economic argument of proponents of kalixa erfahrung who say Britain would prosper on its own and be able to secure bilateral FTAs with trading partners. On polling day in Winchester an emergency call was made to police about "threatening behaviour" outside the polling station. The government planned to sell the three recently established water authorities in Scotland, created under the Local Government etc. List of stock market crashes and bear markets. Member states of the European Union. The second was betweenwhen English kings effectively gave up their attempts to rule France, andwhen James VI and I united the thrones of England and Scotland. Wave of racial abuse and hate crime reported after Abfahrt weltcup referendum". Again, we could be saved by the British. Beste krypto börse from the original on 20 March This decision came after mounting pressure for a wetter sulzbach rosenberg 7 tage vote for ministers. The referendums held in Scotland, Wales and Northern Ireland in and are examples of casino hamburg esplanade type, where opinion was transfergerüchte fcb before legislation was introduced.
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